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How do I write a scientific paper in PDF?
I have written a few review papers, and this is my approach. There are doubtless others that are equally effective, and some of these will be faster, but the approach that I will suggest is one that is thorough and defensible. First, make sure that you are an expert in the subject and aware of the recent literature on the topic you have in mind. Consider working with co-authors so that together your expertise in the area is broad and deep. Next, read all the other review papers that have been published on related topics, or similar topics in related fields, over the previous two to three decades, to make sure that you understand what has been already done and to make sure that there is a gap in the existing reviews. Then it is time to work out what question you will be trying to answer with your review. Some examples of questions that can be answered by review papers include. What has changed in our understanding of this topic since the last review, what are the biggest challenges facing researchers in this field today, and what are the most promising approaches to solving these challenges? Is there enough evidence in the existing literature to decide which of two competing conceptual models or theories is most likely to be correct? Is there enough evidence in the literature to justify a commonly held belief or assumption in this field? How well have active researchers in this field adopted what are now considered best practices, and is this improving our scientific results? Of a few methodologies used in this field, which has proven most successful or useful over time? How applicable are ideas developed in one area (for instance, “in temperate rivers”) to another area (e.g. “tropical rivers”)? You get the idea — you don’t have to pick one of these, but it is a good idea to frame your review around some question of which the answer is not obvious even to expert researchers in the field. Once you have your question, start reading the literature to gather evidence. It is a good idea to do this in a systematic way to make sure that you are not cherry-picking the literature to support a pre-concieved idea or to favour the research of one particular group. Choose keywords carefully, choose a good database such as Web of Science, choose the time-frame that your review will cover, and read everything that is a match. Take notes and, if appropriate to your research question, keep track of your findings in a spreadsheet or database. You will not be citing everything that you read for your review, but it is a good idea to keep track of everything that you have read that matched your search criteria, and what you learned from it. At some point during this reading, you will start preparing the outline for your review paper. Work out how you will structure the paper, what key points you want to highlight, and what the story is that you will be telling through your review. Often, good review papers will include figures that combine results from the literature that you have searched through to tell readers something new, either through new, collated representations of data that show new, emergent relationships, or through new conceptual models that will help others to think about the topic in a new way and structure future research. Plan what these figures will be in your paper. Also think carefully about who your intended audience will be. Is it aimed at new (post)graduate students who are just getting into the field and need somewhere to start? Is it aimed at your fellow expert researchers in the field, whose thinking you would like to influence? Is it aimed at industry practitioners, who may not be able to read all the literature themselves, but need a good summary of the evidence and how it should influence their practice? Is it aimed at people in related fields who may be venturing into a new cross-disciplinary area? Know your goal and your audience and it should then be clear what to include in your review and what to leave out. Finally, it is time to start writing. Like any other paper, this will need to have an Introduction, which explains what has been done before (for example, in previous reviews) and what has motivated your review paper (i.e. what question are you trying to answer, and for whom). It may have Methods and Results sections, particularly if you have taken a systemmatic and quantitative approach to your review, or it may be a more narrative review, divided into sections that help you tell the story and elucidate the topic. It should certainly have a Conclusions section. what should change as a result of what you have found and discussed in your review? As with any paper, aim to write clearly and in a way that will be interesting for your intended audience. Aim to write in a way that makes it easy to find and understand your key messages, even for skim-readers. Aim to be concise but to back up everything you say with evidence. Once you have this done and have asked a friendly colleague to look over it and give you feedback, you will be ready to submit the review to a good journal in your field. Make sure that it is a journal that does publish reviews, and consider sending the editor a query first if you are not sure whether t publish reviews that have not been solicited. Good luck!
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Write on PDF: All You Need to Know
Note 1: If you are going to submit your paper to more than one journal, consider adding “The Review of....